Yesterday, The acting Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Ibrahim Magu, accused 10 unnamed commercial banks of money laundering.
He also condemned the increasing wave of illicit financial flows and vote buying in the country during elections.
Speaking in Lagos during a round table meeting with Managing Directors (MDs) of financial institutions, the EFCC boss said: “It is worrisome to note that in 2018, statistics available to the EFCC shows that out of about 28 commercial banks in Nigeria, 10 banks evacuated out of Nigeria through Travelex Nigeria Limited, the sums of GBP £50,832,560; USD $8,057,756; EURO #39,986,560 and RAND-7,500,000.
“The reasons for these evacuations are still sketchy. We must note that the impact of illicit financials flows from the country undermine the stability and integrity of the financial institutions.”
The EFCC boss expressed concern, that, the culture of large cash transactions was still being allowed in some banks, adding that there was no commensurate reporting of those transactions to the relevant agencies.
According to him, the banks still operate accounts without Bank Verification Numbers (BVNs), and have remained complacent in reporting those accounts to the relevant authorities, or freezing them in accordance with CBN policy.
“The banks are rather complacent in dealing with crypto-currency or bitcoins as the case may be and have not taken measures to monitor such transactions or put adequate surveillance on such accounts. The banks are observed to still hold customers accounts in their suspense accounts, making it difficult for law enforcement agencies to trace and have access to those funds,” he observed.
According to him, intelligence reports have shown, that, banks are aiding their customers to receive foreign financial inflow to their accounts in neighbouring countries, where they have branches like Ghana, Republic of Niger and other West African countries.
“The money is then couriered into Nigeria through the land borders to circumvent declaration and reporting,” he stated.
He added that banks had the habit of under-reporting transactions in some cases while carrying out defensive filing of transactions after they had been consummated.
Describing them as “gatekeepers”, Magu said no country could control illicit financial flows without the cooperation of financial institutions.
He, therefore, charged the managing directors to join hands with the Commission to save the country from being hijacked by criminals.
Magu, who spoke on the theme: “Roles and Obligations of Managing Directors of Banks in Nigeria in Curbing Vote Buying During an Election, Illicit Financial Flows and Other Related Matters in Nigeria,” recalled that the Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Godwin Emefiele, during a meeting with Bankers’ Committee, sometime in September 2018, made a commitment to work with the EFCC and the banks to curb this menace.
He said illicit financial flows will reduce the amount of resources available to the government to provide critical social services to the citizenry.
Speaking on vote buying during elections, Magu asserted that it would prevent credible candidates from running for political offices.
He said: “in Nigeria, vote buying has reached an alarming proportion, to the extent that politicians have now spread their tentacles to election officials, security agencies, election observers and even the media.”